Baby’s movement in the womb is what every mother is waiting for impatiently, especially first-time mothers. Not every move is a kick, there is a range of motions which you can expect from your little one when he is in the womb including somersaults, hiccups, fluttering around etc. They have plenty of time to explore the uterus and they don’t leave any stones unturned while doing it.
- Your baby’s first movements start at about the ninth gestational week. Though a mother might not begin to feel these movements yet, they can be seen in an ultrasound.
- Your baby may have started hiccupping every now and again late in your first trimester or early in your second trimester. However, you probably won’t actually feel your baby hiccup until you’re about 27 weeks pregnant. By then you’ll be used to your baby moving around.
- The quickening can occur anytime between 16-22 weeks of pregnancy. Quickening feels like small butterflies moving inside your stomach. Once you feel the early flutters, you may not necessarily feel them every day until after about 24 weeks. If you are not feeling the baby move every day by 24 weeks notify your provider.
- After the 16th week, your baby can move 50 times or more every hour.
- At around 17-19 weeks. The baby moves around quite a bit and may respond to loud noises from the outside world, such as music. You may not feel these movements yet, especially if this is your first pregnancy. If you do, they’ll probably feel like a soft fluttering or rolling sensation.
- The movement keeps on increasing till the end of the second trimester, reaching its peak at 28 weeks. It then decreases at the start of 3rd trimester because of decreased room for the baby. But it comes back to normal and becomes steady after that till the birth of your baby.
- By the 29th week, you may feel the baby move ten times an hour. Movements could involve extending the body, flexing, moving the head or face, moving the limbs, and trying to touch the warm surroundings. A baby may try to touch her face, feel one hand with the other, or might reach for the umbilical cord.
- Other odd movements can be licking the uterine wall and trying to push her feet into the confined space.
- At around 32 weeks, your baby sleeps deeply 90-95% of the day. At times it could be REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep whereby your baby can move her eyes back and forth, and some scientists believe that fetuses can dream during this time. At other times, your baby would be in an indeterminate state of sleep due to her immature brain.
- Your baby begins to recognize your voice right in the womb.
- Ultrasounds have shown that fetus bounces up and down when the mother laughs.
- As your baby is close to being born, she sleeps about 85-90% of the times, which is the same after she is born.
- You need to feel at least 10 movements in 2 hours. Try to relax and calm down. Babies tend to move more when you are relaxed which is why most mothers feel movements between 9PM-2AM. Babies have a sleep cycle of 60–90 minutes when they are in the womb. So you need to feel movements every 2 hours.
- There is an increase in movements when you have caffeinated beverages like tea or coffee or when you exercise. Having sugary foods or beverages can also cause an increase in fetal movements due to a sudden increase in glucose in the body.
- Baby kicks also increase in response to strong light, strong food taste, loud noises, or anything which puts a strain on mothers sensory organs. Babies movement tend to decrease if the mother follows relaxation routine that includes meditation and yoga because, that, in turn, relaxes the baby too.
- Babies movement is also less in women whose placenta is located in front of the uterus or if they are overweight.
- Sudden violent movements which continue for a long time can be a sign that your baby is in distress. This long time will vary for every pregnancy. You need to know how much your baby moves and if at any point he deviates from that a lot, then it’s a definite sign of concern.
Decreased fetal movement can be due to:
Sleep Patterns: Babies sleep for around 30–60 minutes while they are in the womb but this cycle might also stretch to 90 minutes. You might also notice fewer movements when you are busy i.e. during the day.
Placental Abruption: This happens when the placenta separates from the uterine wall. Even though this is sometimes normal and can heal by itself. Sometimes it needs medical intervention. So, make sure you contact your doctor if your baby moves less than his usual patterns.
Maternal Stress or Nutritional Problems: Emotional stress can easily cause babies to get distressed too. Fasting or Dehydration can also irritate the baby. So make sure that you eat and drink as soon as you feel hungry.
Premature Rupture of Membrane: This happens when the amniotic sac ruptures or the water leaks. It’s normal when you are at full term but if it happens before then rush to the doctor immediately.
Fetal Hypoxia: A very rare condition in which the umbilical cord fails to deliver oxygen to the baby. This is a fatal condition and needs immediate attention.
Do remember that all the babies are different and you might not feel the movements same as other moms. What’s important to know is the minimum and the maximum movements of your Toothless. Track your own baby’s movements by the end of the second trimester. This will help you a lot.
Tell us your experience on how far along you started feeling your little one’s movements and the emotions, which rushed along with it. Jot them down in the Comments section below.